Racialized Representations during Portuguese Colonialism
A major contribution to the history of European anthropology, this book highlights the Porto School of Anthropology and analyses the work of its main mentor, Mendes Correia (1888-1960). It goes beyond a Portuguese focus to present a wider comparat...
"The translation of this work from Portuguese to English is an important contribution to the study of national traditions in anthropology, frequently overlooked by scholarly research that tends to focus more on the English, American, and French cases." * Journal of Royal Anthropological Institute "...makes a contribution to the growing weight and relevance of the Portuguese archive to colonial and imperial studies. It covers particularly the 1930s and 1940s as apogee decades of dictator Antonio de Oliveira Salazar's fascist type regime, the longest of its kind in Europe (1926-1974)." * American Anthropologist "...a unique volume that traces discourse and representation on 'race' and racism within Portugal and the 'overseas territories'. An exemplar of the new vigour with which the Portuguese academy has developed over the last decade... this is an important book on the history of the concept of 'race' in Portugal and the uses made of it with respect to concepts of the nation and for the political and economic rationales of the Salazar state." * Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies "(...) a most worthy volume, that Portuguese and non-Portuguese scholars alike with an interest in issues of race and representation will appreciate." * Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change "[This book] offers an impressive inventory of colonial movies, exhibitions, speeches and writings that will be of great use. Readers interested in the history of colonial ideas and the role of anthropological knowledge in the colonial enterprise will find in this work a complete, well-documented case." * Social Anthropology/Anthropologie sociale
Patricia Ferraz de Matos is an anthropologist whose work focuses on the history of Portuguese anthropology and Portuguese colonialism. She received the Victor de Sa Prize of Contemporary History 2005 from the Cultural Council of the University of Minho, Portugal, when this work was first published in Portuguese. Her doctoral thesis was devoted to analyzing the work of the Portuguese anthropologist Mendes Correia and the production of the Anthropology School of Porto. At present she is a post doctoral researcher in the Institute of Social Sciences at the University of Lisbon where she works on the international networks underlying the forging of scientific knowledge.
Tables and illustrations Acknowledgements Acronyms and abbreviations Introduction Chapter 1. Origins of a prejudice:the roots of racial discrimination The discovery of human variety:early formulations The emergence of 'modern' racism Racialism under attack Chapter 2. Discourse, images, knowledge:the place of the colonies and their populations in the Portuguese Colonial Empire The formation of Portuguese colonialism and 'colonial knowledge' The Colonial Act and the 'creation' of the Indigena Colonial propaganda:'marketing the empire' Colonial representations in primary and secondary school readers Cinema and colonialism in action:moving pictures on colonial themes (1928-53) Recurrent images and prejudices The production of 'anthropological knowledge' of the colonies Racial purity, miscegenation and the appropriation of myths Chapter 3. Exhibiting the empire, imagining the nation:representations of the colonies and the overseas Portuguese in the great exhibitions The age of the great exhibitions Representations of the Portuguese colonies, 1924-31 A 'Guinean village' at the Lisbon Industrial Exhibition (1932) The Portuguese Colonial Exhibition of 1934:concept and objectives Representations of the Portuguese colonies, 1934-39 The Exhibition of the Portuguese World (1940):concept and objectives Colonial representations in Portugal dos Pequenitos The status of the colonized populations at the exhibitions: the exotic vs. the familiar Conclusions Appendix I: Film Appendix II: Texts from the padroes of Portugal dos Pequenitos Bibliography