Reflections on Reasoning (inbunden)
Format
Inbunden (Hardback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
150
Utgivningsdatum
1986-06-01
Förlag
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc
Dimensioner
297 x 138 x 15 mm
Vikt
427 g
Antal komponenter
1
ISBN
9780898597622

Reflections on Reasoning

Inbunden,  Engelska, 1986-06-01
2033
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This book is an adaptation of a report entitled Notes about Reasoning, prepared under a project on The Training of Higher Cognitive Learning and Thinking Skills that was sponsored by the National Institute of Education. My purpose in producing the notes was to help me clarify my own thinking about reasoning and how the ability to reason effectively might be enhanced in the classroom. I did not intend to write a textbook on reasoning or a scholarly review of research on reasoning processes, and this book is not presented as either now. It still has the character of a collection of thoughts; it is being published with the hope that some of the ideas and suggestions in it may stimulate some others, especially teachers and students, to reflect more than they otherwise might have upon what it means to reason effectively. One does not, of course, become an effective reasoner by reading a book on reasoning or by taking a course in reasoning. Learning to reason well is surely a lifelong processor at least a lifelong challenge. If this book is useful in helping some readers to see the value of an enduring commitment to that challenge, it will have served its purpose. I wish to thank the NIE Project Officers, Patricia Butler and Joseph Psotka, for their support and encouragement. I am grateful also to John Swets, Richard Herrnstein, David Perkins and Carol Chomsky for helpful comments on an early draft of the manuscript, to Anne Kerwin and Patricia Carroll for typing the manuscript and to Brenda Starr and Frank DiPace for making electronic delivery of it to the printer possible by working around the differences between the sending and receiving systems. Special thanks to my wife, Doris, for her constant help of countless types, and most especially for bringing into the world the four beautiful people to whom this book is dedicated.
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"...crafted in an elegant manner. Nickerson considers the problems people face when attempting to understand arguments. He documents some of the errors in logic and judgment that occur during the reasoning process, and he points out ways of overcoming these difficulties. All in all, the book is provocative, well-written, and provides an excellent framework for considering seminal issues in everyday reasoning." Nancy Stein University of Chicago "...lively, straightforward and very practical; it is also thought provoking and intellectually solid. This book is probably the best available introduction to the implications of cognitive science for current classroom practice. Any educator unfamiliar with its contents is behind the times and sadly undereducated." Jack Lochhead University of Massachusetts "Ray Nickerson has done an excellent job assembling and lucidly explaining many of the principles fundamental to reasoning and critical thinking. His book can and should serve as a valuable resource to teachers concerned ... with emphasizing analytic reasoning and critical thinking in all subject areas at all grade levels ... I hope it is widely disseminated and read." Richard Paul Sonoma State University

Övrig information

Raymond S. Nickerson, retired senior vice president of Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc. and research professor at Tufts University, is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Psychological Association, the Association for Psychological Science, the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, and the Society of Experimental Psychologists. He is the founding editor of The Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, the founding and series editor of Reviews of Human Factors and Ergonomics, an annual publication of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, and the author of several books, including Mathematical Reasoning: Patterns, Problems, Conjectures, and Proofs (Psychology Press, 2010).

Innehållsförteckning

PREFACE, FOREWORD, 1. INTRODUCTION, 2. REASONING IN PERSPECTIVE, 3. BELIEFS, 4. ASSERTIONS, 5. ARGUMENTS, 6. STRATAGEMS, 7. SOME COMMON REASONING FALLACIES, 8. CONCLUSION, APPENDIX A: ANSWER KEY