This book is a valuable contribution to the literature on penal transportation, not only because it investigates an important sub-group of transported convicts but more especially because it takes a thorough life-course approach. By considering these individuals' lives in context, we can begin to understand how their experiences in the penal system in youth shaped their adulthood. * Family and Community History * Watkins' comprehensive study will certainly be of interest to historians, sociologists, criminologists, and other researchers who are interested in learning more about the life course of female and male juvenile convicts transported to Van Diemen's Land in the nineteenth century. * Australian Historical Studies * Until now we have lacked a good history of the penal transportation of boys to Van Diemen's Land. The life-course approach adopted here shows us how transportation affected the boys sent to Australia, and puts their experiences within the perspective of the whole of their post-conviction lives. * Barry Godfrey, Professor of Social Justice, University of Liverpool, UK *
Emma D. Watkins is a Lecturer in Criminology at Middlesex University, UK.
List of Figures List of Tables 1. Introduction 2. Crime 3. Punishment 4. Education, Training and Employment 5. Family Life 6. Death 7. Conclusion Bibliography Index