"e;Animal Farm"e; is an allegorical novella by George Orwell published in England in 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II. Orwell, a democratic socialist, was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Moscow-directed Stalinism, especially after his experiences with the NKVD, and what he saw of the results of the influence of Communist policy ("e;ceaseless arrests, censored newspapers, prowling hordes of armed police"e; - "e;Communism is now a counter-revolutionary force"e;), during the Spanish Civil War. In a letter to Yvonne Davet, Orwell described Animal Farm as his novel "e;contre Stalin"e;. Includes a new introduction.