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What If? 2
Yuval Noah HarariHäftad
Simulators for Transportation Human Factors
Research and Practice1870
Simulation continues to be a growth area in transportation human factors. From empirical studies in the laboratory to the latest training techniques in the field, simulators offer myriad benefits for the experimenter and the practitioner. This book draws together current trends in research and training simulators for the road, rail, air and sea sectors to inform the reader how to maximize both validity and cost-effectiveness in each case. Simulators for Transportation Human Factors provides a valuable resource for both researchers and practitioners in transportation human factors on the use of simulators, giving readers concrete examples and case studies of how simulators have been developed and used in empirical research as well as training applications. It offers useful and usable information on the functional requirements of simulators without the need for any background knowledge on the technical aspects, focusing on the state of the art of research and applications in transport simulators rather than the state of the art of simulation technology. The book covers simulators in operational terms instead of task simulation/modelling and provides a useful balance between a bottom-up, academic approach and a top-down, practical perspective.
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Dr Mark S. Young is a Visiting Professor in the School of Engineering and Design at Brunel University, UK. He has a B.Sc. in Psychology and a Ph.D. in Cognitive Ergonomics, both from the University of Southampton. His research interests focus on the human factors of transport systems, particularly with advanced vehicle technologies and automation. He spent two years working in industry for the Rail Safety and Standards Board, applying his experience to research and regulations for the UK rail network. Before joining Brunel in October 2004, Mark was a Visiting Fellow in the Department of Aviation, University of New South Wales, Australia, working on a Royal Society fellowship, and he is also currently a Visiting Fellow at Curtin University in Perth, Australia. Mark is a Registered Member of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors (IEHF), a Registered Practitioner of the Higher Education Academy, was Chair of the IEHF's PR & Communications Committee from 2007-2011, and sits on the vehicle design working group for the Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety (PACTS). He also jointly received the 2006 Hodgson Prize and Bronze Award from the Royal Aeronautical Society for co-authorship of a paper in The Aeronautical Journal, and was awarded the Isambard Kingdom Brunel Award Lecture for the 2010 British Science Festival. Dr Mike Lenne is an Adjunct Professor (Research) at the Monash University Accident Research Centre (MUARC). He was awarded a PhD in Experimental Psychology from Monash University in 1998 and has spent the last 18 years working in human factors roles in both government and University settings. Until late 2014 Mike was a Professor at MUARC where he led the Human Factors research team for nearly eight years. His research used driving simulators and instrumented vehicles to study the impacts of in-vehicle technologies on driver behaviour and to measure driver responses to distraction, drowsiness and other forms of impairment. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer, Human Factors at Seeing Machines where his research is centred on characterising and validating metrics for driver state assessments in automotive, heavy vehicle and aviation sectors.
PART I: INTRODUCTION 1 Prologue Mark S. Young, Michael G. Lenne and Alex W. Stedmon PART II: ROAD 2 Driving simulators for research Gary Burnett, Catherine Harvey and Richard Donkor 3 Driver training Andrew Parkes and Nick Reed 4 Motorcycle simulator solutions for rider research Alex W. Stedmon, David Crundall, Dave Moore and Mark S. Young PART III: RAIL 5 Train simulators for research Arzoo Naghiyev and Sarah Sharples 6 Simulators and train driver training Anjum Naweed 7 Simulators in rail signaling Nora Balfe, David Golightly and Rebecca Charles PART IV: AIR 8 Flight simulator research and technologies Barbara G. Kanki, Peter M. T. Zaal and Mary K. Kaiser 9 Flight training John Huddlestone and Don Harris 10 Simulators for aircraft emergency evacuations Rebecca L. Grant, Dale Richards and Alex W. Stedmon PART V: MARITIME 11 Maritime research Margareta Lutzhoft, Paul Brown, Richard Dunham and Wessel M. A. van Leeuwen 12 Maritime bridge crew training Kjell Ivar Overgard, Linda Johnstone Sorensen, Magnus Hontvedt, Paul Nikolai Smit and Salman Nazir PART VI: CONCLUSIONS 13 The evolution of simulators in transportation human factors Michael G. Lenne and Mark S. Young