Dante Alighieri was an Italian poet born in Florence in the thirteenth century. His major work The Divine Comedy is considered to be the greatest literary work in the Italian language. It describes his journey through Hell, Purgatory and Paradise guided by Virgil and then Beatrice. He was the first writer to eschew Latin and he wrote in modern Italian and in Tuscan dialect. His influence on Italian writers as well as European literature and art is immeasurable.