Creation and Destruction (inbunden)
Format
Inbunden (Hardback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
232
Utgivningsdatum
2005-06-01
Upplaga
Revised ed.
Förlag
Eisenbrauns
Illustrationer
Black & white illustrations
Dimensioner
229 x 152 x 18 mm
Vikt
513 g
Antal komponenter
1
Komponenter
9:B&W 6 x 9 in or 229 x 152 mm Case Laminate on Creme w/Gloss Lam
ISBN
9781575061061
Creation and Destruction (inbunden)

Creation and Destruction

A Reappraisal of the <i>Chaoskampf </i>Theory in the Old Testament

Inbunden,  Engelska, 2005-06-01
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In 1989, David Tsumura published a monograph entitled The Earth and the Waters in Genesis 1 and 2: A Linguistic Evaluation, in which he demonstrated that the oft-recited claim that the early chapters of Genesis betrayed a background or adaptation by Israel of mythological terms and/or motifs from other ancient Near Eastern literature could not be supported by a close examination of the linguistic data. Despite the books positive reception, the notion that the Chaoskampf motif lies behind the early chapters of Genesis continues to be rehearsed in the literature as if the data were incontrovertible. In this revised and expanded edition of the 1989 book, Tsumura carries the discussion forward. In part 1, the general thesis of the original work is restated in a significantly revised and expanded form; in the second part of this monograph, he expands the scope of his research to include a number of poetic texts outside the Primeval History, texts for which scholars often have posited an ancient Near Eastern mythological substratum. Among the questions asked are the following: What are the functions of waters and flood in biblical poetry? Do the so-called chaos dragons in the Old Testament, such as Leviathan, Rahab, and Yam, have anything to do with the creation motif in the biblical tradition? What is the relationship between these poetic texts and the Ugaritic myths of the Baal-Yam conflict? Are Psalms 18 and 29 adaptations of Canaanite hymns, as suggested by some scholars? Among the conclusions that Tsumura reaches are these: (1) The phrase toh waboh has nothing to do with the idea of a chaotic state of the earth. (2) The term tehm in Gen 1:2 is a Hebrew form derived from the Proto-Semitic *tiham-, ocean, and it usually refers to the underground water that was overflowing and covering the entire surface of the earth in the initial state of creation. (3) The earth-water relationship in Gen 2:56 is different from that in Gen 1:2. In Gen 1:2, the earth was totally under the water; in Gen 2:56, only a part of the earth, the land, was watered by the ed-water, which was overflowing from an underground source. (4) The biblical poetic texts that are claimed to have been influenced by the Chaoskampf-motif of the ancient Near East in fact use the language of storms and floods metaphorically and have nothing to do with primordial combat.
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Innehållsförteckning

Preface Abbreviations Introduction Part 1 Creation Narratives in Genesis The Earth in Genesis 1 The Waters in Genesis 1 The Earth-Waters-rah in Genesis 1 The Earth in Genesis 2 The Waters in Genesis 2 The Earth-Waters Relationship in Genesis 2 God and the Waters Part 2 The Chaoskampf Motif in Poetic Texts Canaanite Myths and Hebrew Poetry A Creation Motif in Psalm 46? A Destruction Motif in Habakkuk 3 Metaphor in Poetry Conclusions Indexes: Index of Authors Index of Scripture Index of Ancient Texts Index of Ancient Terms