Marine Environmental Quality (inbunden)
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Marine Environmental Quality (inbunden)

Marine Environmental Quality

Healthy Coastal Waters

Inbunden Engelska, 2021-12-03
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Understanding marine pollution and the contamination of coastal environments requires knowledge from a variety of scientific fields. Marine Environmental Quality promotes a multidisciplinary approach to investigations, drawing on not only natural sciences, but also applied mathematics and social sciences. The investigations in this book focus on both organic and inorganic pollutants, firstly in a study conducted in the city of La Rochelle, on the North Atlantic French coast, then expanding the areas under examination to regions of English and Portuguese waters and, lastly, to the Mediterranean Sea. The improvement such research can bring to biomarkers, models and experiments enables equal progress in the quality of seawater in ports and protected areas of coastal regions. The eight chapters of Marine Environmental Quality present many aspects of this research, including experiments with floating barriers, water governance in various areas, sampling sites and sentinel species that act as biomarkers in harbors. Also covered are environmental commitments, both international and local, the risk that marine contamination poses to human health, experimental designs for interactions with microplastics and a study biomonitoring the juveniles of sentinel species. Such results will bring many benefits, to human health, to economic inclusion and to regional development.
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Frederic Muttin is a Research Professor in Applied Mathematics and Marine Sciences at the EIGSI engineering school in La Rochelle, France. He has led national and international research projects on marine pollution. His research, spanning over thirty years, focuses on fluid- solid interaction and mechanics. Helene Thomas is Associate Professor in Ecotoxicology and Marine Sciences at the LIENSs research unit at La Rochelle University, France. She led the Amare research group and directs the Master's course on Environmental Engineering and Coastal Areas. Her research focuses on bivalve species and coastal environments.


Preface xi Frederic MUTTIN and Helene THOMAS Chapter 1. Oil Spill Boom Strategy for Local Authorities Facing Coastal and Harbor Pollutions: A Survey of the European Research Project ISDAMP+ 1 Frederic MUTTIN and Rose CAMPBELL 1.1. Introduction 1 1.1.1. Challenge 2 1.1.2. Problem 2 1.1.3. Project partners 3 1.2. Coastal hydrodynamic model 4 1.3. Boom structural analysis model 5 1.4. Hydrodynamic and structural models coupling 6 1.5. Full-scale experiments 7 1.5.1. Falmouth 8 1.5.2. Lisbon 10 1.5.3. Rochefort 12 1.5.4. La Rochelle Chef de Baie 13 1.6. Conclusion 16 1.7. Acknowledgments 17 1.8. References 17 Chapter 2. Governance and Public Policies of Coastal Water Quality in the Pertuis Charentais 21 lice MAZEAUD, Francois BENITEZ, Anais RIDEL, Arno BRINGER, Christine PLUMEJEAUD, Pascal BRUNELLO, Adelaide LEREBOURS, Yann RABUTEAU and Helene THOMAS 2.1. Fragmented management of coastal waters 23 2.1.1. The coastline: in-between integrated water management policies 24 2.1.2. Coastal waters: controlled and regulated according to their uses 27 2.2. The difficulty of publicizing coastal water quality 30 2.2.1. The "controlled publicity" of coastal water quality and the consequences on shellfish production in the Pertuis Charentais 31 2.2.2. The quality assessment of variable-geometry coastal waters 34 2.3. The Marine Protected Area: going towards a more coherent management of the "Sea-Land" interface? 37 2.4. Conclusion 38 2.5. References 39 Chapter 3. Comparative Biomarkers Study in Two Scallop Organs to Establish Guidelines for Evaluating French Atlantic Coastline Water Quality 41 Marine Paomia BREITWIESER, Marine BARBARIN, Valerie HUET, Emmanuel DUBILLOT, Marianne GRABER and Helene THOMAS 3.1. Introduction 41 3.2. Materials and methods 42 3.2.1. Study sites and sampling collection 42 3.2.2. Biochemical analysis 44 3.2.3. Data treatments 45 3.3. Results 45 3.3.1. Superoxide dismutase 47 3.3.2. Glutathione S-transferase 47 3.3.3. Malonyldialdehyde 47 3.3.4. Laccase 48 3.4. Discussion 48 3.5. Conclusion 50 3.6. Funding and acknowledgments 50 3.7. References 51 Chapter 4. Tracer Study and Mimachlamys varia Bivalve Tools, a Multidisciplinary Guideline to Assess Environmental Quality in the La Rochelle Harbor Over Three Years 55 Marine Paomia BREITWIESER, Benoit SIMON-BOUHET, Jean-Remy HUGUET, Valerie HUET, Carine CHURLAUD, Marine BARBARIN, Angelique FONTANAUD and Helene THOMAS 4.1. Introduction 55 4.2. Materials and methods 58 4.2.1. Field collection and tissue sampling 58 4.2.2. Tracer study of hydrodynamic processes in the harbor area 59 4.2.3. Trace elements and biomarkers of effect analyses 60 4.2.4. Biochemical biomarkers of exposure analysis 61 4.2.5. Data analysis 62 4.3. Results 63 4.3.1. Trace elements and biomarkers of effect analyses 63 4.3.2. Biochemical biomarkers of exposure analysis 67 4.3.3. Relationship between biomarkers of exposure (e.g. SOD, GST, laccase, MDA) and effect (e.g. heavy metals) 71 4.4. Discussion 73 4.4.1. Bioaccumulation 73 4.4.2. Health 77 4.4.3. Tracer study in the bay of La Rochelle 79 4.5. Conclusion 83 4.6. Funding and acknowledgments 84 4.7. References 84 Chapter 5. ISDAMP Project Dissemination and Continuation for Local Authorities' Oil Spill Preparedness 89 Frederic MUTTIN and Rose CAMPBELL 5.1. Introduction 89 5.2. Project results 90 5.3. Project audiences 93 5.3.1. International institutions 93 5.3.2. National Contact Points 94 5.3.3. Atlantic Arc regional authorities 95 5.3.4. Local authorities in La Rochelle 96 5.3.5. Discussion 98 5.4. Project continuation 98 5.5. Conclusion 101 5.6. Acknowledgments 101 5.7. References 101 Chapter 6. Environmental Quality of Coastal Areas in the Mediterranean Sea and Potential Risks to Human Health 103 Marion PILLET, Michel MARENGO, Sylvie GOBERT, Pierre LEJEUNE, Michele LEDUC, Lovina FULLG