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The War on the West
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Value, Competition and Exploitation
Marx's Legacy Revisited1319
The 2008 financial crisis presented the opportunity to overturn and rethink much of the stale or misguided parts of economic theory and, in so doing, build a rich and empirically meaningful social science. This never happened. By reconsidering the classical-Marxian tradition using modern tools of economic analysis, this book offers an alternative to the mainstream understanding of notions of value, price, and competition, concepts which serve as the foundation for a theoretically and empirically robust economic theory. Providing a unique synthesis of modern input-output analysis and classical political economics, this book combines current economic theory with historical economic thought. In this way, Value, Competition and Exploitation offers a deeper and more nuanced understanding of today's economic problems than can be gained through mainstream approaches. With a rigorous and empirically informed approach to classical theories of value and price, this book demonstrates that Marx's labor theory of value remains a valuable tool in understanding the structure and dynamics of capitalist economies. Written in an accessible style and presented with a clear structure, this book will be invaluable to economics students of all levels. The topics analyzed will also be of interest to scholars of classical and Marxian economics, as well as scholars of economics more widely.
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'Economics has been searching for a new paradigm to understand the world around us. The Great Moderation failed. Now comes the most innovative response to the challenge of constructing that new paradigm. The authors reinvent the classical and Marxian paradigm, give it a rigorous mathematical structure, and demonstrate its effective superiority to the Walrasian alternative. The outstanding merit of this book is that it is able to relate the theoretical structure to contemporary data for the German economy. There are fruitful insights on productivity growth, technical progress, and profitability. This book will be a great asset to teachers, research students, and the next generation of budding economists.' --Lord Meghnad Desai, London School of Economics, UK'This innovative book elucidates a foundation for applying the Marxian labor theory of value to the modern economy. Drawing on ideas of one of the authors (Peter Flaschel of the Bielefeld School of Economics), it both explicates precursors of Marx's work starting with Quesnay and brings it up to date in light of arguments made by Okishio, Steedman, Foley, and others about such controversies as the transformation problem.' --J. Barkley Rosser Jr., James Madison University, US 'Often Marxian economics is used to evaluate contemporary economic theory and current capitalism. This book reverses the perspective and asks the question: can long-standing puzzles in Marxian economics be resolved using modern Input-Output economics, pioneered by Wassily Leontief, and the Richard Stone System of National Accounts. The authors very competently take on these issues in this book which will be a very important work for economic historians as well as for contemporary economists.' --Willi Semmler, New School for Social Research, US
Jonathan F. Cogliano, University of Massachusetts Boston, US, Peter Flaschel, Professor Emeritus, Bielefeld University, Reiner Franke, Department of Economics, University of Kiel, Nils Froehlich, University of Cooperative Education Glauchau, Germany and Roberto Veneziani, School of Economics and Finance, Queen Mary University of London, UK
Contents: Preface General Introduction Part I Classical Competition: Theory, Evidence, and Criticism 1. Francois Quesnay: The Circular Flow of Income and Input-Output Analysis 2. Adam Smith: The 'Invisible Hand' and Accumulation 3. Adam Smith II: The 'Invisible Hand' and 'Natural Prices' 4. David Ricardo: Long-Period Prices, Accumulation, and the Invariable Measure of Value 5. The von Neumann-Sraffa Model Part II Value and Exploitation: Marx's Legacy 6. Labor Values: An Axiomatic Approach 7. Labor Productivity and the Law of Decreasing Labor Content 8. The Sources of Aggregate Profitability: Marx's Theory of Surplus Value Revisited 9. Actual Labor Values with Multiple Activities 10. Joint Production in a (Marxian) System of National Accounts 11. Actual Labor Values with Joint Production 12. Production Prices and Imperfect Competition, Part I 13. Production Prices and Imperfect Competition, Part II 14. Conclusions References Index