Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya on Divine Wisdom and the Problem of Evil (häftad)
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The Islamic Texts Society
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229 x 152 x 28 mm
522 g
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Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya on Divine Wisdom and the Problem of Evil

Häftad,  Arabiska, 2017-08-01
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Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya on Divine Wisdom and the Problem of Evil is a translation of selections from two of Ibn Qayyim's books Key to the Blissful Abode and Remedy for Those who Question on Matters Concerning Divine Decree, Predestination, Wisdom and Causality. As with all his other writings, Ibn al-Qayyim's foremost goal is to establish the wisdom of God, the primacy of the Qur'an and Sunna, and the congruity between reason and revelation. In the present selections, Ibn al-Qayyim focuses on the application of the wisdom of God to the existence of evil.Ibn al-Qayyim first discusses twenty-six wise purposes behind God creating humanity and settling them on Earth. His perspective is that whatever exists in this world is either purely or preponderantly good, or indirectly leads to a greater good. Ibn Qayyim then explores how the presence of evil allows the manifestation of many of God's Beautiful Names, glorious attributes and compassionate actions. While for humanity, the existence of the evil provides the righteous with opportunities to strive against it; for Paradise can only be reached by 'traversing a bridge of hardships and tribulations'.The discussions of the existence of evil is followed by thirty wise purposes and secrets in God allowing people to sin. Prominent among them are that God loves repentance and loves to manifest His Attributes of forgiveness and mercy. Here, Ibn al-Qayyim also debates at length whether the punishment of Hellfire will be eternal or whether it will come to an end. He favours the the latter position in accordance with the Qur'anic verse 107 of the Chapter Hud and because of God's mercy.
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Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya was born in 691/1292 near Damascus where he obtained a classical Islamic education and specialised in jurisprudence. In 711/1312, he met the Hanbalite reformer Ibn Taymiyya and remained his disciple until the latter's death in 728/1327. Ibn al-Qayyim went on to become a renowned jurist and to write nearly 100 books, many of which are extant and popular to this day. He died in 751/1350 in Damascus.


Translator's IntroductionCHAPTER ONE: A Glorious Exposition of the Secrets Of God in Making Adam Descend From the Garden to this EarthCHAPTER TWO: The Infallibility of the Divine Decree from Being EvilCHAPTER THREE: Affirming the Exalted Lord's Wisdom in His Creation and CommandmentsCHAPTER FOUR: A Response to Those Who Deny God's Wisdom and CausalityCHAPTER FIVE: A Response to Those Who Question God's Wisdom in Creating Disbelief, Wickedness and SinCHAPTER SIX: A Response to Those Who Question God's Wisdom in Creating Iblis and His ArmyCHAPTER SEVEN: An Exposition of Whether the Punishment of Hellfire is EternalCHAPTER EIGHT: A Response to Those Who Question God's Wisdom in Allowing His Enemies to Overpower His SaintsCHAPTER NINE: An Exposition of the Statement of the Predecessors that One of the Principles of Faith is Contentment with Predestination Whether Good or Evil, Pleasing or PainfulCHAPTER TEN: The Impermissibility of Stating that the Lord Intends Evil or Performs ItCHAPTER ELEVEN: An Exposition of the Secrets Within the Hadith of the Prophet, 'O God, I seek refuge in Your pleasure from Your wrath, and in Your forgiveness from Your punishment. I seek refuge in You from Yourself. I cannot praise You enough; You are as You have praised Yourself.'CHAPTER TWELVE: Faith in the Divine Determination and Decree, His Justice, Monotheism and His Wisdom are all Included in the Hadith of the Prophet, 'Your judgment upon me will be carried out and Your decree for me is just.'CHAPTER THIRTEEN: The Rulings Regarding Contentment with His Decree and the Correct PositionCHAPTER FOURTEEN: The Division of Matters into the Ontological Pertaining to God's Creating and to the Religious Pertaining to God's CommandmentsCHAPTER FIFTEEN: An Exposition of God's Wisdom in Allowing People to Sin