Paraplegia refers to an impairment in sensory or motor function of the lower extremities. It is commonly caused by congenital condition or spinal cord injury, which impacts the neural elements of the spinal canal. The area of the spinal canal which is influenced by paraplegia mainly covers lumbar, thoracic or sacral regions. Individuals with paraplegia can have wide range of disabilities, which require different treatments. The goal of rehabilitation is to assist the patient in regaining as much independence and functionality as possible. Physiotherapy can benefit in improving stretching, range of motion, transfer and strength skills. Majority of paraplegics are reliant on a wheelchair for their transportation. Activities of daily living (ADLs) can be difficult initially for persons having a spinal cord injury (SCI). Individuals having SCI may learn new skills and adapt old ones with the help of occupational therapists and physiotherapists, helping them to live self-sufficiently in the community. The topics covered in this book offer the readers new insights on the clinical characteristics, prevalence and treatment outcomes of paraplegia. Those in search of information to further their knowledge will be greatly assisted by it.
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av Robert M Sapolsky